City of Hope advances cancer care with hybrid telehealth and in-person visits.
November 29, 2021
City of Hope envisions expanding the use of telemedicine to include telegenetic consultations, remote chemotherapy support, remote monitoring via wearables and palliative care.
City of Hope, based near Los Angeles, is a research and treatment organization for cancer, diabetes and other life-threatening diseases. In 2018, it made strategic moves to more easily meet the needs of its patients and communities by investing in telehealth.
Part of that strategic direction was working with technology companies to ensure that City of Hope leveraged telehealth in a high-quality, patient-centric way, while easing the burden of travel times for patients undergoing treatment. With every visit, the organization's team evaluates whether patients are best served by either a virtual or an in-person appointment.
Then COVID-19 emerged. Suddenly, City of Hope needed to rapidly scale its telehealth infrastructure to meet the needs of patients. In doing so, its work with telemedicine technology and services vendor Amwell helped the healthcare provider organization reimagine the delivery of oncology services.
"For example, when a physician delivers a cancer diagnosis to a patient, it can be a lot easier to do so when the patient is at home, in a space that feels comfortable, surrounded by family," noted Dr. Paul Fu, chief medical information officer at City of Hope.
"At a time when the American Cancer Society estimates 87% of cancer patients and survivors had their care disrupted due to the coronavirus, City of Hope offered uninterrupted cancer care and used telehealth when appropriate to evaluate patients, manage side effects of treatment, review labs and scans, answer questions, and offer reassurance to patients and their families."
Even when patients came in person, City of Hope used telehealth to include family members and other members of a patient's care team seamlessly in the visits. It's an approach that has enabled the organization to more easily and conveniently surround patients with specialized cancer care and eliminate unnecessary travel.
"Moving forward, City of Hope envisions expanding our use of telehealth to include services such as telegenetic consultations, remote chemotherapy support, remote monitoring using wearables, expedited condition triage and palliative care," Fu said.
"By fully addressing each patient's needs, we're making a deep impact on personalized patient care and satisfaction."
Prior to working with Amwell, City of Hope delivered telehealth services, but the technology it used was not integrated with other systems, leaving room for an improved care journey for patients and providers.
"We've also been able to integrate the platform with other systems we have in place to improve the patient experience," he continued. "These were key elements – scalability and integration capabilities – that we looked for in selecting our telehealth provider as we knew we would want to grow the program."
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MEETING THE CHALLENGE
Having a well-integrated telehealth platform enabled City of Hope to develop consistent workflows around telehealth that supported an enhanced patient experience. Further, an integrated platform allows the organization to track telehealth visits within the same quality improvement framework that it uses for in-person visits.
"We integrated the Amwell platform with our Epic EHR to provide a more seamless experience for patients and our provider teams," Fu noted. "Now, physicians can simply click a video icon in Epic to get to the telehealth screen and start their session.
"Before each visit, nurses or medical assistants initiate the session, talking with patients to gather the information needed to inform the session. When an interpreter is needed, the platform makes it easy to incorporate these services during a live session with the click of a button."
City of Hope also uses the Doximity Dialer to facilitate patient telephone calls straight from the Epic Haiku mobile app with a caller ID registered to City of Hope. This gives patients a greater feeling of trust from the start of the call, knowing that the telehealth call is a legitimate service coming from their healthcare institution.
"Another crucial technology feature is the ability to easily bring other members of the care team into the video encounter," Fu said. "It's not uncommon for our patients to have a person they want to be involved in the discussion, such as a family member or other caregiver – even interpreters can be added to visits. This feature, which allows the sharing of screens, significantly enhances satisfaction among our patients.
"However, what really makes our telehealth service unique is the network of services the patient receives via telehealth," he continued. "City of Hope offers concierge-like specialized healthcare services that help patients navigate their care journey and gain answers to questions about medication management, alternative treatments that can reduce side effects and more."
The organization also connects patients with supportive care services that deliver in-person support when needed, such as when patients face mobility issues or when child life specialists can work with the children of adult patients or the siblings of pediatric patients.
"We looked at several different success metrics and largely chose to focus on process measures, including how likely patients are to recommend our telehealth services," Fu said. "We also looked at the number of successful completions to ensure our process and the use of the technology was easy for patients, as well as satisfaction with the use of telehealth services.
"We're now beginning to look at health outcomes achieved via telehealth," he added. "Early data show that similar to many organizations, cancer screening procedures dropped during the pandemic, but we observed that the decrease was uneven across specialties."
To measure clinical outcomes, City of Hope is tracking its patients as well as referrals into its system who had delayed screening. Based on the data it receives, City of Hope continually refines and improves its virtual care services to meet patients' needs, Fu said.
ADVICE FOR OTHERS
"When launching or expanding a telehealth program, ensure patients are kept at the center," Fu advised. "Telehealth services should be deployed in such a way that they cause the least amount of stress for patients, especially those who are dealing with complex conditions.
"This can be achieved by mapping out the patient journey for both virtual and in-person care and looking for opportunities to strengthen care coordination and management, the quality of care that patients receive, and more."
Even during the madness of the first months of COVID-19, City of Hope's patient-centric approach to cancer care, including use of telemedicine, strengthened its ability to optimize patient outcomes, improve the patient experience and provide uninterrupted cancer care, Fu added.
"Our telemedicine use is just one of the ways City of Hope has expanded our reach beyond patients in the Los Angeles area," he concluded.
"We reach cancer patients around the globe, including those taking part in clinical trials. In an era of digitally augmented patient care, a continual focus on meeting a patient's holistic care needs will become a competitive differentiator for healthcare providers."
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